Orig. a fortified "manor house or private stronghold. Before the Vikings arrived, burh referred to ancient hill camps, and remnants of Roman encampments. Later it was used of fortified towns (which may well have grown up around a fortified manor house); spelling changed to *borough and the word came to signify a municipal district. Alfred was responsible for the establishment of many fortified burhs, new towns in effect, as part of a strategy of defence against the Vikings. In Wessex, few places were further than 20 miles from a burh. Many placenames ending in '-bury' might well have been burhs. Often such places thrived because of their markets. However, *burhbot applied only to walled towns and the fortified places established by Alfred. In the sense of a manor house, possession of a burh marked the graduation from *ceorl to *thegn.

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • burh — burh·el; …   English syllables

  • Burh — Burh, n. See {Burg}. [Obs.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • burh — «burkh», noun. = burg. (Cf. ↑burg) * * * burh OE. form of borough, burgh, q.v …   Useful english dictionary

  • Burh — Fortification du burh de Wallingford. Burh est le nom général donné à tout site fortifié de l Angleterre anglo saxonne, qu il s agisse d une cité ou d une simple colline. Voir aussi Sur les autres projets Wikimedia …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Burh — are the best preserved examples, with substantial ditches and banks still visible. It has been estimated that construction of Wallingford s 9,000 feet of bank would have taken more than 120,000 man hours. Burh towns also usually had regular… …   Wikipedia

  • burh — see burg …   Old to modern English dictionary

  • Burh — Language: Old English See: Borough, Burhgemot …   Medieval glossary

  • burh — Same as burgh …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • burhþegn — m ( es/ as) living in a burg ; or = búrþegn? …   Old to modern English dictionary

  • Bearan burh — see Beranburg …   Old to modern English dictionary

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